Omaha Hand Surgery
The hand is composed of 27 bones, including those in the wrist. Broken hand bones most commonly result from a direct blow to the hand or a fall onto the hand. Common injuries include fractures of the fingertip, or of the pinkie side of the palm, or of the thumb.
When hand surgeons describe the bones in the hand, they use several terms.
Carpals are the 8 bones in the wrist. They are not actually part of the hand but are vital for its function.
Metacarpals are the 5 bones that form the palm of the hand.
Phalanges are the 14 small bones that, when strung together, form the thumb and fingers. The thumb has 2 phalanges. The other 4 fingers are made of 3 phalanges each.
The knuckles of the hand are referred to as the MCP joint, which stands for metacarpal-phalangeal joint (because the fingers, composed of phalanges, join the palm, made of metacarpals).
The joints in the fingers are called the PIP and DIP joints. The PIP joint is the proximal interphalangeal joint and is the joint closest to the palm.
The DIP joint is the distal interphalangeal joint and is the joint closest to the fingertip.
The fingers are called the thumb, index finger, middle (or long) finger, ring finger, and pinky (or small) finger.
The handedness (right or left) of the person is called the dominance of the hand. If you are left-handed, then you are left-hand dominant.
Omaha Hand Surgery – Injury Causes/Symptoms
Hand Surgery may be needed because of Hand injuries are caused by workplace injuries, improper use of tools, crush injuries, falls, and sports injuries. The vast majority of injuries can be prevented.
Most injuries of the hand are fairly obvious. The symptoms may include the following: A history of injury Swelling Bruising Pain Misalignment of the fingernails Weakness Inability to grasp Reduced range of motion of fingers
As a general rule, see a doctor for any injury to your hand unless it is very minor. Your hands are central to being able to function, and you should be certain that no permanent damage has been done.
Because your hands are so important, a doctor should see any hand injury, except the most minor. Contact your doctor, who will often refer you to the emergency department for diagnosis and treatment.
Hand Surgery Exams and Tests – Omaha, Ne
Most injuries of the hand will require an x-ray. The history of how the hand was injured will help the doctor determine the most likely fracture. For example, if the hand was injured by punching, the most likely fracture is that of the fifth metacarpal.
The doctor will touch your fingers and hand and wrist to determine the areas that are most painful and to evaluate if any damage has occurred to the blood vessels or nerves or tendons in the hand.
Broken Hand Treatment – Omaha Hand Surgery
Control any bleeding by placing a clean cloth or gauze pad over the wound.
As soon as the injury has occurred, apply ice to the injured area to decrease pain and reduce swelling.
Remove any jewelry immediately. The hand will swell dramatically, and jewelry will be almost impossible to remove after the swelling has started.
Contact your doctor, who will often refer you to an emergency department for diagnosis and treatment.
If the hand is obviously deformed, try to support the injured hand by placing it on a pillow and carrying the pillow with you to the hospital or doctor’s office.
Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) as directed on the label for pain.
Hand Surgery Medical Treatment – Omaha, Ne
Because of the complexity of the hand, treatment of hand injuries can become involved.
The omaha hand surgery procedure is usually as follows: The doctor will usually obtain an x-ray. Your hand may be partially numbed by injecting the nerves at the wrist or at the base of a finger. Wounds will be carefully irrigated and explored. Any cuts usually will be closed carefully (whether with stitches or other means). You may be given antibiotics to keep the wound from becoming infected. The injured part will be immobilized in a splint to hold it in a particular position. You may be referred to a hand specialist (orthopedic or plastic surgeon). You will receive pain medicine to use for several days after the injury.
Article by Omaha-Orthopedic.com